New Jersey Wildflowers and Plants

Butter-and-Eggs Linaria vulgaris is a European introduction that thrives in dry fields and waste places. Butter-and-Eggs, also called Toadflax, has yellow 2-lipped, spurred flowers with an orange path that leads insects to the nectar. white flower Yellow flower


 

Mustard Garlic Alliaria petiolata broad heart-shaped or kidney-shaped leaves, coarse, rounded teeth, petite flowers, onion or garlic odour, and slender pods that contain the seeds.


 

White Baneberry The shiny white berries of  Actaea pachypoda each of which has a black dot at the blossom end, are poisonous. So is the entire plant.


 

Skunk Cabbage Flower Symplocarpus foetidus As the name implies, it smells, but is edible if properly prepared over the long term. The leaves appear after the flower. green brown purple


 

Skunk Cabbage Flower Symplocarpus foetidus As the name implies, it smells, but is edible if properly prepared over the long term. The leaves appear after the flower. green brown purple


 

Skunk Cabbage Flower Symplocarpus foetidus As the name implies, it smells, but is edible if properly prepared over the long term. The leaves appear after the flower. green brown purple.


 

Butter and Eggs Linaria vulgaris A little humor


 

Bulrush Scirpus


Bull Thistle Cirsium vulgare Pink The young leaves of Thistles are edible cooked or raw. the young stems are also edible.


 

Bugleweed Ajuga reptans has hairy stems. It may remind one of mint but is not recommended as an edible.


 

Rough-fruited Cinquefoil Potentilla recta is hairy and has pale yellow notched flowers 1/2 – 1″


 

Indian Cucumber Root Medeola virginiana is rare in most areas and should not be disturbed. The fruit is a small purple or blue berry. Yellow flower


 

Indian Cucumber Root Medeola virginiana is rare in most areas and should not be disturbed. The fruit is a small purple or blue berry. Yellow flower


 

Indian Cucumber Root Medeola virginiana is rare in most areas and should not be disturbed. The fruit is a small purple or blue berry. Yellow flower


 

Indian Cucumber Root Medeola virginiana is rare in most areas and should not be disturbed. The fruit is a small purple or blue berry. Yellow flower


 

Periwinkle, also called Myrtle Vinca minor a creeping ground cover, has petals that form a pinwheel effect and a star in the center.


 

False Solomons Seal Racemosa similacina has a cluster of white flowers at the tip of the plant. The young shoots are edible raw or cooked.


 

Beechdrops Epifagus virginiana is a parasitic pant that grows under beech trees. it can be in shades of purple, brown, red or yellow.


 

Yellow Sweet Clover Melilotus officinalis The nectar of the flowers attracts many kinds of insects.


 

Pink Azalea : Pinxter-Flower  Rhododendron nudiflorum A deciduous shrub with nearly odorless flowers.


 

Solomons Seal Polygonatum biflorum has pairs of greenish yellow flowers hanging from the leaf axis and produce blue black berries that are inedible but the roots can be cooked like potatoes.


 

Canada Anemone Anemone canadensis blooms in late spring and spread from caudices and underground rhizomes .


 

Bachelors-Button Centaurea cyanusis is usually bright blue but can also be pink or white.


 

Periwinkle, also called Myrtle Vinca minor a creeping ground cover, has petals that form a pinwheel effect and a star in the center. violet purple


 

Money Plant : Silver Dollar Plant Lunaria annua An introduced species. violet, blue flowers, purple.


 

White Avens Geum canadense


Japanese silverberry : Autumn Olive Eleganus-umbellata is indigenous to eastern Asia. It fixes atmospheric nitrogen in its roots. It often grows vigorously and competitively in infertile soils. Eleganus-umbellata


 

Sessile Trillium : Toadshade Trillium sessile though not a native of New Jersey, it is included because it grows across the river, in Pennsylvania, and at the Delaware Water Gap


 

Mulberry Morus alba A tree with blackberry-like fruit that can be eaten fresh as jelly or made into a cold drink. Do not eat unripe fruit.


 

False Solomons Seal Racemosa similacina has a cluster of white flowers at the tip of the plant. Spots on berry.


 

Evening Lychnis : White Campion : White Cockle  Silene latifolia  (Formerly Lychnis alba) flowers are white and the female flowers usually have 5 styles.


 

Common Fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus


Bull Thistle Cirsium vulgare Pink


Wineberry Rubus phoenicolasius The ripe, edible berries are closely related to raspberries, but much more tart. It usually ripens in late July in the area of the Delaware Water Gap. This plant has white flowers.


 

Speedwell-Persian-Veronica-persicaiolet


Trumpet Creeper Campsis radicans is a climbing woody vine growing from New Jersey, south. The berries are poisonous.


 

Mallow Hibiscus Hybrid


 

Indian Strawberry Duchesnea indica Fruit is not edible. Yellow flower.


 

Indian Strawberry Duchesnea indica Fruit is not edible. Yellow flower.


 

Gill Over the Ground : Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea


Cleavers Galium aparine has many common names including clivers, “bort”, bedstraw, goosegrass, catchweed, stickyweed.


 

Bee on Bee Balm


 

Virgins Bower : also known as devil’s darning needles, devil’s hair, love vine. Clematis virginiana is an aggressively growing vine which can climb to heights of 10–20 feet by twisting leafstalks. It is a native plant.


 

Venus-Looking-Glass Specularia perfoliata violet, blue flowers, purple Pink


 

Tall Bellflower Campanula americana flowers are 5 lobed and flat. They are not bell-shaped like other bellflowers. The style is long, curving, and protruding.


 

Velvet Leaf Abutilon theophrasti is an alien plant in the Mallow family. Velvet-leaf seeds are reportedly edible. Considered a noxious weed that grows in cultivated land, especially corn fields


 

Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina The branches are hairy.


 

Spring Beauty Claytonia virginica is white or pink flower with dark veins growing in moist woods. It has an edible corm (tuber) that is boiled like potatoes, but can be a lot of work and little to eat.


 

Solomons Seal Polygonatum biflorum has pairs of greenish yellow flowers hanging from the leaf axis and produce blue black berries


 

False Solomons Seal Racemosa similacina has a cluster of white flowers at the tip of the plant.


 

Serviceberry Amelanchier spp


Seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia is mostly wetland plant that may remind one of Evening Primrose. Seeds rattle in squarish seedpod.


 

Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Flowers can be scarlet, orange, white or even blue.


 

Great Ragweed Ambrosia trifida Growing up to 15 feet tall it is a major cause of hayfever.


 

Queen Anns Lace : Wild Carrot Daucus carota has a white floret and a whitish edible root that smells and tastes like carrot. Garden carrots that go wild can have whitish roots. USE CAUTION : Hemlock and Water Hemlock, both deadly, can be mistaken for Wild Carrot. Positively identify ALL wild edibles before eating. white flower


 

Purple Deadnettle Lamium purpureum An invasive species


 

Pokeweed : Inkberry Phytolacca americana A large leaved plant with white flowers and deep purple to black berries.


 

Pokeweed : Inkberry Phytolacca americana A large leaved plant with white flowers and deep purple to black berries.


 

Bittersweet Nightshade : Climbing Nightshade Solanum dulcamara The egg-shaped red berries from this weak vine are toxic.


 

Common Nettle Urtica dioica, often called stinging nettle or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant that produces a stinging sensation when contacted by humans and other animals


 

Horse Nettle Solanum carolinense has pale lavender or white flowers that are star shaped. The yellow anthers look to me like tiny bananas. This plant is toxic and is not a true nettle. It is in the nightshade family.


 

Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora An invasive species in the rose family.


 

Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria This is the white variety of but more commonly it is yellow. The stamens resemble the antennae of a moth.


 

Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria This is the yellow variety of Moth Mullein but also comes in white. The stamens resemble the antennae of a moth.


 

Moss Phlox, also called Moss Pink Phlox subulata has deeply notched petals and needlelike leaves. pink violet white


 

Square-Stemmed Monkeyflower Mimulus ringens The flowers of the blue to purple Monkeyflower rise on long stalks in the leaf axis. blue violet purple


 

Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca


Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca


Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum has umbrella like leaves with a single white waxy flower that grows from the fork of the leaf stalk. The ripe fruit is edible. The European Mandrake is not related.


 

Mayapple Fruit Podophyllum peltatum has umbrella like leaves with a single white waxy flower that grows from the fork of the leaf stalk. The ripe fruit is edible. The European Mandrake is not related.


 

Mayapple Flower Podophyllum peltatum has umbrella like leaves with a single white waxy flower that grows from the fork of the leaf stalk. The ripe fruit is edible. The European Mandrake is not related.


 

Crimson-eyed Rose Mallow Hibiscus palustris is the white varity of of the Swamp Rose-Mallow which is pink. Edible parts of this plant can be prepared in different ways.


 

Lesser Celandine Ranunculus ficaria has heart shaped leaves with 8-12 glossy petals.


 

Spotted Knapweed Centaurea maculosa flowers are pink, purple, or white


 

Jimsomweed Datura stramonium A poisonous alien with tubular flowers and spiny seedpods. white flower


 

Jewelweed Impatiens pallida Spotted Touch-Me-Not Said to be a cure for poison ivy when leaves are rubbed on infected area. Yellow orange flower


 

Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema stewardsonii A flap or hood covers the club-shaped spadix growing beneath large leaves. The fruit is a clump of shiny red berries. The corm ( root ) is small but edible only if prepared correctly but it takes many months.

 

Yellow Iris Iris pseudacorus A European garden escape that has gone wild.

 

Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides

Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera, sempervirens has long, tubular red flowers. orange

 

Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillita

Hog Peanut Amphicarpa bracteata seeds are produced above and below ground lilac, pink, red

 

Yellow Goatsbeard Tragopogon pratensis Yellow flowers with long pointed green bracts followed by seedballs that resemble large dandelions.

 

Siberian Geranium Geranium sibiricum L. Pink

Field Garlic Allium vineale has long, narrow leaves usually growing in bunches, hollow leaves, and small underground bulbs.

 

Everlasting Pea Lathyrus latifolius is a alien with white, pink, or blue flowers. It can climb adjacent vegetation or fencing by means of its twining tendrils.

 

Evening Lychnis : White Campion : White Cockle  Silene latifolia  (Formerly Lychnis alba) flowers are white and the female flowers usually have 5 styles.

 

Dwarf Ginseng Panex quinquefolium has small white flowers above three stalked leaves divided into three. The small round tuber is edible but recommended only for survival or when found in great abundance.

 

Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida grows up to 40 feet. It is recognizable by its bark ( thats a pun – get it ), and clusters of red berries.