Pine Barrens Wildflowers NJ

Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata An evergreen shrub with white bell shaped flowers that hang on one side. The upper part of the leaves are dark green with a smooth sheen, undersides pale greenish brown with scales.

Pine Barren Gentian Gentiana autumnalis blue

Tall Horned Beaksedge Rhynchospora macrostachya is found in areas with a fluctuating water table such as coastal plain marshes, sandy lake edges, sandy marshes, sandy and peaty edges of wetlands.

Aster

Aster

Aster

Aster

Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa flowers are bright orange. The stems are not milky when broken. Milkweed family.

Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa flowers are bright orange. The stems are not milky when broken. Milkweed family.

Crown Vetch : Axseed Coronilla varia L., crownvetch, is a herbaceous, perennial legume introduced from the Mediterranean region.

Tall Horned Beaksedge Rhynchospora macrostachya is found in areas with a fluctuating water table such as coastal plain marshes, sandy lake edges, sandy marshes, sandy and peaty edges of wetlands.

Mountain Laurel Kilmia latifolia is a large shrub with pinkish white flowers.

Yellow Milkwort  Polygala rugelii.  

Greenbrier : Catbrier Smilax rotundifolia Young greenbrier shoots and leaves are edible cooked. The roots can be washed in water and the starch can be used as flour, like cattail roots.

Fern-Leaved False Foxglove Gerardia pedicularia grows in dry, open, oak woods with acidic soil. It exhibits a strong dependence upon oak trees, especially northern pin oak and black oak.

Cinnamon Fern Fiddlehead Osmunda cinnamomea  grows in swamps, bogs and moist woodlands.

Cinnamon Fern Fiddlehead Osmunda cinnamomea  grows in swamps, bogs and moist woodlands.

Common Evening-Primrose Oenothera biennis The taproot and young leaves are edible when prepared properly.

Cow Wheat Melampyrum lineare likes peaty soil in woods and bogs.

Tawny Cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum (actually sedge) is a plant of bogs and moist meadows. Also called Bog Cotton Bog Cotton.

Tawny Cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum (actually sedge) is a plant of bogs and moist meadows. Also called Bog Cotton Bog Cotton.

Tawny Cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum (actually sedge) is a plant of bogs and moist meadows. Also called Bog Cotton Bog Cotton.

Cattail Typha latifolia The late Euell Gibbons called the Cattail the Supermarket of the Swamps because it has edible parts throughout the year except when the ground is frozen. It is being threatened in NJ by plants such as Phragmites and Purple Loosestrife although it’s considered most a weed in some states.

Horned Bladderwort Utricularia cornuta

Swamp Azalea Rhododendron viscosum grows in swamps and thickets.

Engelmanns Arrowhead Sagittaria engelmanniana sometimes called Wapatoo, grow in wet areas and pond edges. Edible tubers will float to the top of the water while digging or raking in the mud. The tubers can be boiled, roasted or fried, but unappealing raw. white lower ia engelmanniana

Dragon’s Mouth Arethusa bulbosa was a little too far away for the lenses I had with me.

Bog Asphodel Narthecium americanum grows in moist
savannas or broad, wet, sandy bogs along streams.

False Heather : Pine-Barren False Heather Hudsonia ericoides

False Heather : Pine-Barren False Heather Hudsonia ericoides yellow

Mossy Stonecrop Sedum acre Succulent-looking leaves form mats with tiny star-like yellow flowers

Red-Root Lachnanthes caroliniana can be found in the pine barrens it has woolly flowers and basal leaves.

Red-Root Lachnanthes caroliniana can be found in the pine barrens it has woolly flowers and basal leaves.

Golden-Crest Lophiola aurea is frequently found growing in the wet, acid, often sandy soil of bogs, marshes of New Jersey

Golden-Crest Lophiola aurea is frequently found growing in the wet, acid, often sandy soil of bogs, marshes of New Jersey

Turkeybeard Xerophyllum asphodeloides This photo is from an old slide.

Turkeybeard Xerophyllum asphodeloides This photo is from an old slide.

Turkeybeard Xerophyllum asphodeloides

Sheep’s Sorrel Rumex acetosella

Sheep’s Sorrel Rumex acetosella

Wild Blueberry Vaccinium spp.

Blue Toadflax : Old Field Toadflax Linaria canadensis grows in sandy soil and fields, has blue to violet flowers with two whitish humps on lower lobe.

Blue Toadflax : Old Field Toadflax Linaria canadensis grows in sandy soil and fields, has blue to violet flowers with two whitish humps on lower lobe.

Woodland Sunflower Helianthus divaricatus L. 

Spotted Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata The waxy flowers of can be white or pink. It is inedible and may be toxic

Spotted Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata The waxy flowers of can be white or pink. It is inedible and may be toxic

Spotted Wintergreen Chimaphila maculata The waxy flowers of can be white or pink. It is inedible and may be toxic

Wild Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis has flowers on a separate stalk that is lower than the leaves.It is in the Ginseng family and in the past the roots were an ingredient in root beer. white green

Wild Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis has flowers on a separate stalk that is lower than the leaves.It is in the Ginseng family and in the past the roots were an ingredient in root beer. white green

Birdfoot Violet Viola pedata pink lilac lavender

Turtlehead Chelone glabra has white, two-lipped flowers that are sometimes tinged pink.

Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata has fairly narrow leaves pink or purplish flowers.

Thread-leaved Sundew The purple flowers of Drosera filiformis are on a separate stalk. Sundews live in acidic bogs and and swamps. They capture small insects on their sticky hairs where they are digested. Found in the Pine Barrens

Steeplebush Spiratea tomentosa also known as Hardhack has woody stems and a steeple shaped flower cluster.

Staggerbush Lyonia mariana The white or pinkish flowers are on older leafless branches.

Staggerbush Lyonia mariana The white or pinkish flowers are on older leafless branches.

Common St Johnswort Hypericum pyramidatum The flowers of Common St Johnswort are yellow with black specks around the edges of the petals.

Common St Johnswort Hypericum pyramidatum The flowers of Common St Johnswort are yellow with black specks around the edges of the petals.

Lesser St. Johnswort : Canadian St. John’s-wort Hypericum canadense Grows in wet or moist soil. Flower Yellow

St Andrews Cross Ascyrum hypericoides prefers dry woods in acidic soil.

Balsam Ragwort Packera paupercula also called Senecio pauperculus flowers are aster-like with yellowish rays and centers.

Prickly Pear Opuntia humifusa A cactus found in dry sandy soil from New England south to South Carolina and in the New Jersey pine barrens. The red fruit pulp and pads are edible. Also the seeds can be dried and ground to thicken stews. Yellow flower

Prickly Pear Opuntia humifusa A cactus found in dry sandy soil from New England south to South Carolina and in the New Jersey pine barrens. The red fruit pulp and pads are edible. Also the seeds can be dried and ground to thicken stews. Yellow flower

Prickly Pear Opuntia humifusa A cactus found in dry sandy soil from New England south to South Carolina and in the New Jersey pine barrens. The red fruit pulp and pads are edible. Also the seeds can be dried and ground to thicken stews. Yellow flower

Northern Pitcher Plant Sarracenia purpureais a carnivorous plant found in bogs in the New Jersey pine barrens.

Northern Pitcher Plant Sarracenia purpureais a carnivorous plant found in bogs in the New Jersey pine barrens.

Pipewort Eirocaulon New Jersey Pine Barrens

Pickerelweed Pontederia cordata grows in shallow water. violet , blue

Partridge Berry Repens mitchella has paired flowers and paired leaves. The berries are edible.

The White Fringed Orchid Hebenaria blephariglottis grows in bogs and meadows of the Pine Barrens.

Sand Myrtle Leiophyllum buxifolium is found in only three locations in the United States: the New Jersey Pine Barrens, the Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina, and the southeastern Blue Ridge Province. A short evergreen shrub that grows in sandy soil. white flower

Sand Myrtle Leiophyllum buxifolium is found in only three locations in the United States: the New Jersey Pine Barrens, the Coastal Plain of North and South Carolina, and the southeastern Blue Ridge Province. A short evergreen shrub that grows in sandy soil. white flower

Orange Milkwort  Polygala rugelii.  yellow orange From an old Slide.

Meadow Beauty Rhexia mariana has an urn-shaped seedpod . The flowers are pink with a four sided stem.

Meadow Beauty Rhexia mariana has an urn-shaped seedpod . The flowers are pink with a four sided stem.

Three-Nerved Joe-Pye-Weed Eupatorium dubium Several species of are among the many members of the aster or daisy family to bloom in the mid-Atlantic region during summer and fall. Joe-Pye-weeds served as important medicinals for American Indians and early European settlers.

Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillita The leaves are not shaped with sharp teeth like other hollies and are not evergreen. The berries may be somewhat toxic if ingested.

Inkberry Holly Ilex glabra also called Appalachian tea, Dye-leaves, Evergreen Winterberry, and Gallberry is a species of evergreen holly native to the coastal plain of eastern North America and the pine barrens.

 redb berry

American Holly : Christmas holly Ilex opaca Songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals eat the bitter berries of this and other hollies, but the fruits are poisonous to humans. The Flowers are greenish white green white

Bullhead pond-lily Nuphar variegata is found in slightly acidic to basic water of lakes, slow-moving streams and pools

Goldenrods Solidago spp. have tiny yellow-rayed blossoms massed in clusters.

Goldenrods Solidago spp. have tiny yellow-rayed blossoms massed in clusters.

Goldenrods Solidago spp. have tiny yellow-rayed blossoms massed in clusters.

Goldenrods Solidago spp. have tiny yellow-rayed blossoms massed in clusters.

Lanceleaf Rose Gentian Sabatia difformis 

Lanceleaf Rose Gentian Sabatia difformis

Swamp Pink Helonias bullata is considered threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Plants removed from their environment rarely survive.

Swamp Pink Helonias bullata is considered threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Plants removed from their environment rarely survive.

Indian Pipe Monotropa uniflora with a tree leaf leaf in the background. A flowering plant, not a fungus. Found in the New Jersey pine barrens.

Ladies-Tresses Spiranthes cernua have inconspicuous spikes of small white flowers in single or double spirals. This wild orchid grows in the Pine Barrens. Orchid Family at Black Run Preserve

Mountain Laurel Kilmia latifolia is a large shrub with pinkish white flowers.

Sheep Laurel Kalmia angustifolia is found all over the New Jersey pine barrens. All parts are toxic.

Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata An evergreen shrub with white bell shaped flowers that hang on one side.

Pink Lady’s Slipper : Moccasin-Flower, Cypripedium acaule is in the Orchid family grows mainly in dry pine forests and New Jersey pine barrens

Golden Club Orontium aquaticum is found in swamps, ponds, and slow running water. The Leaves and water are covered with pine pollen.

Goats-Rue Tephrosia virginiana The pea-like flowers of Goats-Rue are bi-colored. New Jersey pine barrens

Frostweed Helianthemum canadense has a 5 petaled yellow flower ( about 1 inch ). The leaves are alternate, toothless, and narrow. It grows in sandy soil like in the NJ pine barrens.

Fern-Leaved False Foxglove Gerardia pedicularia

Fragrant Water Lily Nymphaea dorata The leaves float and the flower petals get smaller toward the center. The seeds can be roasted and ground into flour or fried like pop corn. The leaves and flowers are edible if gathered before they are fully open.

Turks-cap Lily Lilium superbum is found in moist soils and meadows. This photo is from an old slide.

Whorled Loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia Yellow flowers with red in the center. Leaves in whorls of four.

Rose Pogonia Orchid Pogonia ophioglossoides grows in wet acid soil like in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey. pink

Tickseed Sunflower Bidens aristosa

Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia with its fragrant flowers, grows in moist ground in the Pine Barrens and coastal areas. But is also found in places such as Hopkins Pond in Haddonfield.

Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia with its fragrant flowers, grows in moist ground in the Pine Barrens and coastal areas. But is also found in places such as Hopkins Pond in Haddonfield.

Columbine Aquilegia canadensis The nodding bells of this red and yellow woodland flower has curved spurs that contain nectar and attracts butterflies.

Columbine Aquilegia canadensis The nodding bells of this red and yellow woodland flower has curved spurs that contain nectar and attracts butterflies.

Marsh St Johnswort Hypericum virginicum This photo is from an old slide. Have not found it growing wild since about 1980. It was found in the Pine Barrens off Godfreys Bridge Road in a cedar swamp that was later clear cut.

Foxtail Clubmoss Lycopodiella alopecuroides

Wild Blueberry Vaccinium spp.

Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon is a creeping shrub. Petals form a Turks Cap and stamems form a beak.

Pink Ladys Slipper : Moccasin-Flower Cypripedium acaule is in the Orchid family grows mainly in dry pine forests and New Jersey pine barrens

Sheep’s Sorrel Rumex acetosella

Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria is an invasive species that kills off native plants including Cattail. It grows in wet meadows and swamps.

Cow Vetch Vicia cracca Spikes of flowers on one side. There is a pair of tendrils at the end of the leafstalk. violet, blue flowers

Lance-Leaved Violet Viola lanceolata white Black Run New Jersey pine barrens

Wild Rice Zizania aquatica Despite it’s name, the plant is not related to true rice (Oryza sativa). Wild rice grows naturally in shallow freshwater marshes and along the shores of streams and lakes

Broom Cytisus scoparius Found in the New Jersey pine barrens.

Birdfoot-Trefoil Lotus corniculatus

Northern Pitcher Plant Sarracenia purpureais a carnivorous plant found in bogs.

Bladderwort Utricularia with under water leaves

Spoonleaf Sundew Drosera intermedia Hayne

Turks-cap Lily Lilium superbum is found in moist soils and meadows.

Tall Horned Beaksedge Rhynchospora macrostachya Found in the New Jersey pine barrens brown Black Run Preserve

Heal-all : Self-Heal Prunella vulgaris The hooded flowers have a fringed lower lip. violet, blue flowers

Beechdrops Epifagus virginiana is a parasitic pant that grows under beech trees. it can be in shades of purple, brown, red or yellow.

Rose Pogonia orchid : Snakemouth Orchid Pogonia ophioglossoides usually has only 1 flower on an erect, slender stem. There is 1 leaf near the middle of the stem.